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A Key Element of the U.S. Energy Future

About this Report

If deployed at-scale, low carbon intensity (LCI) hydrogen technology applications in the hard-to-abate sectors can support achieving U.S. carbon emissions reduction ambitions at a lower cost to society.

At the request of the Secretary of Energy, the National Petroleum Council (NPC) conducted a comprehensive study on the deployment of LCI hydrogen at-scale in the U.S. to support decarbonization of various energy and industrial market sectors across the entire value chain, including production, storage, transportation, and end uses. This study’s report, Harnessing Hydrogen: A Key Element of the U.S. Energy Future, evaluates the key economic, policy, regulatory, technical, and public acceptance challenges and critical enablers along the hydrogen value chain that must be addressed to achieve at-scale LCI hydrogen deployment.

The NPC assembled a diverse team of more than 200 experts from over 100 organizations, 70% of which come from outside of the oil and gas industry. This study leveraged scenario-based modeling, partnering with Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Energy Initiative. The study generated unique insights due to the diverse perspectives of the study participants, many of whom have practical experience executing large-scale projects, informing the technoeconomic and life cycle assessment models.

About the Study Participants

The study participants were drawn from NPC members’ organizations as well as from many other industries, federal and state agencies, environmental and other NGOs, other public-interest groups, financial institutions, consultancies, academia, and research groups. More than 200 people from 100 organizations served on the study’s committee, subcommittee, task groups, and subgroups. While all have relevant expertise for the study, only about 33 percent are from the oil and natural gas industry. This broad participation was an integral part of the study with the goal of soliciting input from an informed range of interested parties.

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